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Health Outcomes of Women’s Vietnam Service

The Long Term Health Outcomes of Women’s Service During the Vietnam Era is the most comprehensive study to date of the mental and physical health of women Vietnam Veterans.

Goals

This study is estimating the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), other mental and physical health conditions, and disability in women Vietnam Era Veterans. It is also examining the relationship between PTSD and other conditions and the Vietnam deployment experience. The study will be used to shape future research on women Veterans and to plan for appropriate services for women Veterans and the aging Veteran population.

Participants

This is a study of approximately 12,000 women who served in the U.S. military during the Vietnam War, including those who served in Vietnam, those who served in countries near Vietnam, and those who served primarily in the United States.

Methods

This study involves four research phases conducted over a 5-year period: one year of cohort development, two years of mail survey and telephone interview administration, one year of medical record abstraction, and one year of data analysis. The study is being coordinated by VA’s Cooperative Studies Program and involves researchers from across the country.

Investigators

Han Kang, Dr.P.H.
Amy Kilbourne, Ph.D.
Kathryn Magruder, M.P.H., Ph.D.
Rachel Kimerling, Ph.D.
Susan Frayne, M.D., M.P.H.
Avron Spiro III, Ph.D.
Joan Furey, R.N., M.A.
Yasmin Cypel, Ph.D., M.S.
Clare Mahan, Ph.D.
Matthew Reinhard, Psy.D.
Amanda Snodgrass, Pharm.D.
Karen Schumacher, R.N.
Tracey Serpi, Ph.D.

More on the study

More information about this study is available on the Vietnam-Era Women Veterans Study Web page and in the press release Secretary Shinseki Announces Study of Vietnam-Era Women Veterans.

Publications

Cypel Y, Kang H. Mortality patterns among women Vietnam-era veterans: Results of a retrospective study. Ann Epidemiol 2008;18:244-252.

Kang HK, Mahan CM, Lee KY, Magee CA, Mather SH, Matanoski G. Pregnancy outcomes among U.S. women Vietnam veterans. Am J Ind Med 2000;38:447–454.

Kang HK, Mahan CM, Lee KY, Magee CA, Selvin S. Prevalence of gynecologic cancers among female Vietnam veterans. J Occup Environ Med 2000;42:1121–1127.

Dalager NA, Kang HK, Thomas TL. Cancer mortality patterns among women who served in the military: the Vietnam experience. J Occup Med 1995;37:298–305.

Thomas TL, Kang HK, Dalager NA. Mortality among women Vietnam veterans, 1973–1987. Am J Epi 1991;134:973–980.