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Chemical & Biological Weapons during Gulf War

two soldiers wearing gas masks

VA and research organizations continue to evaluate possible causes of Gulf War Veterans' chronic multisymptom illnesses, including chemical and biological weapons.

If you have health concerns, talk to your health care provider or local VA Environmental Health Coordinator.

Khamisiyah, Iraq chemical storage demolition

Rockets filled with sarin and cyclosporine mixes were found at a munitions storage depot in Khamisiyah, Iraq that had been demolished by U.S. Servicemembers following the 1991 Gulf War cease-fire. An undetermined amount of these chemicals was released into the atmosphere.

The Department of Defense concluded about 100,000 Gulf War Veterans could have been exposed to low-levels of these nerve agents. Visit GulfLINK to learn more about U.S. demolition operations at Khamisiyah, Iraq.

Health effects of exposure

Health effects depend on a number of factors, including the amount of exposure to a nerve agent. Those with mild-to-moderate nerve agent exposure usually recover completely. Learn more about nerve agents and symptoms of exposure.

VA benefits

Gulf War Veterans may be eligible for a variety of VA benefits, including:

Learn more about benefits related to Gulf War service.

Research on chemical and biological weapons

VA continues to monitor Gulf War Veterans' health issues and conduct research. Past research on chemical and biological weapons and Gulf War Veterans includes:

View more research on health effects of Gulf War service.

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Find out if you’re eligible: Health Benefits Explorer


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