Veterans' exposure to the chemicals listed below potentially could be linked to certain health problems, depending on a number of other factors.
Agent Orange or
Herbicides used during the Vietnam era to destroy foliage and crops
Open-air pit waste disposal at military sites
Sulfur Fire (Al Mishraq, Iraq)
Sulfur plant burned almost a month in June 2003; large amounts of sulfur dioxide released into the air
Camp Lejeune Water Supplies
Tap water contaminated by industrial chemicals at Marine Corps Base Camp in the 1950s to 1980s
Usually liquid, used to dissolve, degrease, clean, strip paint, etc.
Pesticides (Gulf War)
Substances used to repel or destroy pests such as insects and pathogens
Uranium used in military tank armor and some bullets
Chromium (Qarmat Ali)
Hexavalent chromium in sodium dichromate dust; water treatment plant in 2003
Polychlorinated biphenyl used as coolant and insulating fluid
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) found in products, including fire-fighting foams